Stunning View Of Russion Soyuz Rocket With Progress Spacecraft In Baikonur Cosmodrome


A Soyuz-2.1a launch rocket will launch the Progress spacecraft with code name MS-15 to resupply the International Space Station (ISS Progress 76 mission) on 23 July 2020 from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.

The Progress resupply vehicle is an automated, unpiloted version of the Soyuz spacecraft that is used to bring supplies and fuel to the International Space Station. The Progress also has the ability to raise the Station's altitude and control the orientation of the Station using the vehicle's thrusters.

Both the Progress M and M1 versions have a pressurized Cargo Module to carry supplies, a Refueling Module that holds fuel tanks containing propellant and pressurized gases, and an Instrumentation/Propulsion Module where the Progress systems equipment and thrusters are located.

The Progress spacecraft is launched to the space station from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan aboard a Soyuz rocket. It normally docks to the end of the Station's Zvezda Service Module, but it can also dock to the bottom of the Pirs Docking Compartment.

The Soyuz 2 Taxi Flight was the second flight of a Soyuz spacecraft to dock with the International Space Station, or ISS. However, this was the first crew to launch aboard a new Soyuz vehicle and return aboard a previously docked Soyuz. 

Russian flight rules dictate that a Soyuz remains docked to the ISS and replaced by a fresh Soyuz every six months. Should the station's resident crew encounter an emergency requiring them to disembark the orbital outpost, they would enter the Soyuz lifeboat, undock from the station and de-orbit for a landing on Earth. 

The Russian spacecraft is certified to remain in space no longer than six months due to the degradation of its propellant over time and space radiation hazards to the vehicle.

Source: SciNews, NASA. Video Credit: Roscosmos.

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